Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant



The plant’s construction began during the World War II and was completed in April 1943 at a speed unprecedented for such a powerful plant of a full metallurgical cycle.

The plant was built to meet the needs of Soviet defense and took part in creating the military industry of the Soviet Union and Russia as well as space programs. It was also the chief steel supplier for science-intensive sector of the economy.


By that date, the plant had produced hundreds of thousands of tonnes of coke, pig iron, steel and rolled products. One-fifth of all Soviet missiles and one-third of all Soviet tanks and airplanes were made of Chelyabinsk steel.


The plant successfully overcame the transition period’s hardships and managed to preserve its production potential and the capacity for fast growth.


ChMK joined Mechel Group. It is fully integrated with many of the group’s enterprises and remains the flagship of Mechel’s steel division.


On April 20, the plant launched its agglomeration workshop #2 with a project capacity of 4.5 million tonnes of agglomerate a year. The launch of this new facility ensured that the plant reached a new level of environment protection. Once the new agglomeration facility was launched and the outdated workshop #1 was halted, the plant's waste emissions into the air went down 8-10 times. No such drastic upgrades of agglomeration facilities were made on any Russian steelmaking plants over the past 30 years.


In December, the first stage of the universal rolling mill's complex -- the billet concaster #5 with out-of-furnace steel processors -- was launched. The concaster, with its 1.2-million-tonne annual capacity, is due to provide the universal rolling mill with top-quality continuously cast billets.


In July, the universal rolling mill was launched. The mill is Russia's first complex universal production facility of high-quality structural shapes and rails of 12.5 to 100 meters long. The mill's complex includes all necessary technological operations and employs state-of-the-art global rolling, correction, processing and quality control technologies. The mill’s capacity is up to 1.1 million tonnes of finished product a year. Investment in the project totaled some 715 million US dollars. The rails produced at the mill are due to be supplied to Russian Railways OAO as part of the Development Strategy for Russian Railway Transport until 2030.