Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant



The plant’s construction began during the World War II and was completed in April 1943 at a speed unprecedented for such a powerful plant of a full metallurgical cycle.

The plant was built to meet the needs of Soviet defense and took part in creating the military industry of the Soviet Union and Russia as well as space programs. It was also the chief steel supplier for science-intensive sector of the economy.


By that date, the plant had produced hundreds of thousands of tonnes of coke, pig iron, steel and rolled products. One-fifth of all Soviet missiles and one-third of all Soviet tanks and airplanes were made of Chelyabinsk steel.


The plant successfully overcame the transition period’s hardships and managed to preserve its production potential and the capacity for fast growth.


ChMK joined Mechel Group. It is fully integrated with many of the group’s enterprises and remains the flagship of Mechel’s steel division.


On April 20, the plant launched its agglomeration workshop #2 with a project capacity of 4.5 million tonnes of agglomerate a year. The launch of this new facility ensured that the plant reached a new level of environment protection. Once the new agglomeration facility was launched and the outdated workshop #1 was halted, the plant's waste emissions into the air went down 8-10 times. No such drastic upgrades of agglomeration facilities were made on any Russian steelmaking plants over the past 30 years.


In December, the first stage of the universal rolling mill's complex -- the billet concaster #5 with out-of-furnace steel processors -- was launched. The concaster, with its 1.2-million-tonne annual capacity, is due to provide the universal rolling mill with top-quality continuously cast billets.


In July, the universal rolling mill was launched. The mill is Russia's first complex universal production facility of high-quality structural shapes and rails of 12.5 to 100 meters long. The mill's complex includes all necessary technological operations and employs state-of-the-art global rolling, correction, processing and quality control technologies. The mill’s capacity is up to 1.1 million tonnes of finished product a year. Investment in the project totaled some 715 million US dollars. The rails produced at the mill are due to be supplied to Russian Railways OAO as part of the Development Strategy for Russian Railway Transport until 2030.


Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant mastered production of a new type of product — hot-rolled heat-resistant rolls for high-tech industries such as defense, aviation, space, engineering and chemical facilities.

In June, Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant’s rails up to 100 meters in length were certified as compliant with requirements set in the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union. This certificate enabled the plant to begin rail supplies to Russian Railways OAO.

In August, the plant received the approval of Russia’s Federal Agency for Intellectual Property, Patents and Trademarks for registering its trademark “Chelyabinsk Steel”. The trademark was based on the ChS (Chelyabinsk Steel) brand granted to the plant in 1970 by the Soviet Ferrous Metallurgy Ministry for marking top-quality rolls.

In October, the plant shipped a batch of a new type of rolls to ZiO-Podolsk Engineering Plant (part of Rosatom’s engineering division, Atomenergomash) for construction of a next-generation nuclear icebreaker. Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant’s mastering of a new production technology enabled the plant to substitute imports.

Also in October, Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant was awarded Rosatom’s diploma as the nuclear industry’s bona fide supplier.


In February, the plant’s arc furnace workshop #6 (today’s arc furnace department) produced its millionth tonne of stainless steel.

In March, Russian Railways OAO’s president Oleg Belozerov visited Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant and toured the plant’s rail production facilities.


In March, Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant’s universal rolling mill was acknowledged best import substitution project by Russia’s Union of Industrialists and Enterpreneurs.

In April, an expert council of Russian Industry and Trade Ministry’s Industry Development Fund decided to loan funds to finance Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant’s project for production of export-oriented rails, beams and other structural shapes.

In August, two types of the plant’s rails earned certificates of compliance with Europe’s TSI standard. These certificates are required for rail supplies to the EU member states.

In July, the plant cast its first oversize 50-tonne ingot. The new technology for production of bulk ingots from specialty steels enabled Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant to enter the market for oversize products which only a few facilities in the world can produce.

In September, the plant launched a welded beam workshop. This new facility enabled the plant to expand its construction product range and become Russia’s only producer of both hot-rolled and welded beams from the plant’s own steel.